Nature in the Royal Łazienki

In the Royal Łazienki – the favourite place of rest in Warsaw, up to 100 thousand flowers bloom every spring. In our gardens, you might encounter graceful peacocks, agile squirrels, and a roe deer, which lives here unconstrained.

The Royal Łazienki is an extraordinary example of culture and nature – particularly diverse for a city centre – coexisting in one place. It is also a refuge for animals which live or come here throughout the year. On 76 hectares of the Royal Łazienki Gardens, amidst lawns, meadows and trees – there are three ponds connected by channels, of an area of over 4 hectares. This further contributes to the Garden’s biodiversity.

Among the trees found here are the chestnut, hornbeam, lime, maple, oak, beech, ash, elm, willow, locust, poplar, catalpa, magnolia, gingko, plane, pine, hemlock, and spruce. The shrubs include yew, rhododendron, azalea, hydrangea, sweet mock-orange, black elder, dogwood, mountain ash, hazel, quince, snowberry, scarlet firethorn, spindle, thuja and rose shrubs blooming abundantly. The lawns and meadows occupy an area of 37 hectares; the flowers, perennial plants, rose beds, and groundcover plants cover an area of over 4.6 hectares. These plants are surrounded by a rich undergrowth spanning covering almost the entire area of the Garden.

Flower beds make the Garden’s decoration from spring to autumn. In spring, about 100 thousand flowers bloom here! There are over sixty pieces of the so-called bucket plants – mandarine, orange, citrus, and olive trees, which are displayed outdoors in spring and summer.

Research conducted since the end of the 19th century has documented the presence of many species of birds in the Garden. Some of them nest here all year, some only stay in the Garden.

Among exceptional birds are peacocks, which are a jewel of the Garden and its symbol. These independent animals wander all over the Garden, sleep on trees and, in winter, they prefer to stay in the vicinity of buildings.

It is also possible to encounter wild water birds, sometimes surprisingly tame. Those include mallards, mandarin ducks, swans, goosanders, common moorhens, Eurasian coots, black-headed gulls, Eurasian wigeons, gadwalls and greater white-fronted geese.

Which birds are often seen in the gardens, despite being rare in cities?

  • Tawny owl – has nested in the Royal Garden since the 1950s. It is strictly protected.
  • Common swift – can be seen near the old manor. It is also strictly protected.
  • Eurasian sparrowhawk – stays here in the period of migration; often spends winters in the Garden.
  • Common kingfisher – a rare bird which is protected; it can be spotted in the Garden near the channels and ponds in the time of migration.
  • Woodpeckers – large, medium sized, small, as well as the European green woodpecker and the lesser spotted woodpecker with a "red cap".
  • Song thrushes, common blackbirds, fieldfares, house sparrows, tree sparrows, greenfinches, bullfinches and chaffinches – actively occurring here in large numbers – rummage around all the Museum Garden and eat strewn grains.
  • Eurasian siskin – it can be spotted in the Garden in spring, near alder and birch trees (it is strictly protected).
  • Bohemian waxwing and icterine warbler – can sporadically be seen in spring.
  • Eurasian blackcap – nests in the Garden. It eats fruit of black elder or viburnum.
  • Eurasian blue tit and the great tit – feel like at home here; they occasionally sit on hands held out by people feeding them.
  • Eurasian nuthatch – can be found in quite large numbers in the Garden. It climbs nimbly the bottom sides of tree branches. In winter, it stays in flocks with tits.
  • Eurasian jay – can often be seen in the vicinity of oak trees, but also on the Royal Promenade near the bust of King Stanisław August.
  • Singing nightingale, common cucko, and the whistling Eurasian golden oriole – rare, but can be found here at times.
  • However, corvids can be found everywhere: the noisy Eurasian magpie, western jackdaw, rook, and hooded crow. Pigeons can be seen throughout the year – the feral pigeon and the more elegant common wood pigeon.

Garden staff as well as visitors often feed the birds – especially in winter. This as well as the fauna and undergrowth – rich in food – offer the birds excellent conditions for survival.

Apart from birds, larger animals can be found in the Royal Łazienki. Those include the roe deer, which has lived here for several years. It can be encountered in the vicinity of the Old Orangery and in the neighbouring fields. In winter, additional food is supplied in the feeding rack.

Numerous bank voles inhabit the gardens. These fast running creatures build tunnels in the dense undergrowth or underground. They can also be found on trunks and tree branches.

Many molehills are scattered across the park. Hedgehogs also populate the area, but they rarely come out in the open.

However, it is almost impossible to miss squirrels in the Garden. They populated the area a long time ago, and their number is estimated at over 200. They have their own hollows, but also special wooden boxes with an entry from the side of the tree trunk. This way they are protected from martens and weasels, which also appear in the Garden.

It is impossible to enumerate all species of insects which can be spotted in the Royal Łazienki. It is worth visiting the Garden in all seasons, and admire the ever-changing and constantly reawakening nature.